09/27/21
Manage Plant Pests And Diseases In Your Victory Garden

Manage Plant Pests And Diseases In Your Victory Garden

The U.S. is experiencing a boom in home plant gardening. Many people are starting to garden plant, whether they’re trying to grow food for their family or as a hobby. Seeds are flying off the shelves of seed suppliers. After the gardens have been plant, the main work in the coming months will be to keep them healthy.

Contrary to what the Bible says, we don’t always reap what we sow. We are entomologists and plant pathologists who have dedicated our lives to the study and management of plant pests. We are gardeners of varying experience levels and have witnessed firsthand the destruction these pests and disease-causing agents could cause.

Your garden’s success is dependent on your plant health. To help combat pests and diseases that are threatening global food production, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2020 the International Year of Plant Health.

There are thousands of pathogens and pests that target commercial crops. However, a few common suspects are responsible for wreaking havoc in garden gardens all across the U.S. While each organism has its own preferences, there are some common techniques that can use to help you identify them and protect your plants.

Prevention Is The Best Way To Start Plant

Home growers can take preventive measures to ensure their gardens flourish, just as healthy eating habits are important.

Assessing soil fertility is an important step. This refers to the soil’s ability to support plant growth. It can vary depending on where you live and what type of soil you have. Low soil fertility can limit food production and expose plants to pests and diseases. Many universities offer free soil testing services that can evaluate garden soil quality and help identify nutrient deficiencies or acidic soils.

Mulching and hand weeding each week will help reduce weed growth and increase airflow around your garden plants. This makes it more difficult for pathogens and pests to thrive. You can ensure that the nutrients you need to grow your plants are available by controlling weeds.

Space Plant

It is important to space plants correctly. Crowding can lead to pest and disease outbreaks. Make sure you follow the recommendations on seed packets or online when adding and moving plants. To help with spacing, you can always cull the plants once they are up. If you have fewer plants than necessary, it is possible to harvest a larger harvest from small gardens.

[You are smart and curious about the world. The Conversation’s editors and authors are the same. Each weekend, you can find our highlights.

The weather is another factor. Plants are expose to unique dangers from hail, flooding, frost, and drought. Consistent rain can cause thirsty plants to die faster than fertile soils. Too little or too much water can stress plants, making them more susceptible to serious pest and pathogen infestations.

It is a good rule of thumb to keep your plants hydrated every day, preferably in the morning. Avoid overwatering as this can encourage soil pathogens.

Troubleshooting Plant

Common plant pathogens include bacteria, viruses, oomycetes, nematodes and fungi. Even though they are small, most of these microorganisms can’t be seen at the beginning stages of infection. However, when they multiply they can cause plant changes that we can identify.

Pathogens can travel unnoticed and unchecked between leaves on wind, soil, or droplets of water, unlike insects that move on six legs or wings. These pathogens can even be facilitated by microbes that have formed intimate relationships with insects. Unfortunately, some pathogens can already cause serious damage by the time they are discovered.

A Twitter survey was conducted to determine which pests were ravaging gardeners across the country. The most troublesome insect pests were identified by gardeners as aphids and squash vine borers, flea beetles, and squash bugs. The most problematic pathogens were powdery mildew and tomato bacterial wilt.

Managing Perennial Problems

The first step in managing perennial problems is to look at your plants closely. Are there insects or molds that are constantly circling your plants? What about symptoms like blight, stunting or yellowing of leaves?

For curious and keen-eyed gardeners who want to manage and identify pests and diseases, there are many resources available online. Upload a photo to the iNaturalist app, or a Facebook group for gardeners that can provide a community-sourced ID. Your state’s plant disease clinics will diagnose and treat pests and diseases in plants for no cost or at a low price.

The land grant extension system is available to help you solve problems once you have identified them. Land grant schools such as West Virginia University or Penn State University have extension programs that provide vital information about agriculture and the management of pests, diseases and other issues to home and commercial growers.

Resources Contain Information

These resources contain information about safe and correct use of pesticides in integrated pest management strategies. This approach uses pesticides in a targeted manner, along with non-chemical methods and cultural practices such as the choice of native plants. The American Phytopathological Society offers a compendium series that can be used to diagnose and treat diseases and pests.

If you are passionate about sharing your knowledge and learning from others, Master Gardener programs may be for you. These programs train and certify members of the community in the most recent evidence-based gardening techniques. They can also help them to become certified as Master Gardeners. Master Gardeners give back by helping new Master Gardeners to answer questions and training them.

Plant pests serve as a reminder that gardens are not create in isolation. It takes time and attention to join a gardening community, but we believe it is worth the effort. The nervous tightrope act between keeping pests away and putting food on the table can made a delicate dance with experience that can help us appreciate the origin of our food and our place in the global eco-system.

09/27/21
Impulse To Garden In Hard Times Deep Roots

Impulse To Garden In Hard Times Deep Roots

Global gardening roots boom has been trigger by the coronavirus pandemic. The seed suppliers reported an unprecedented demand in the initial days of lockdown. The trend was compare to World War II victory gardens, in which Americans grew food at their homes to feed their families and support the war effort.

This analogy is very useful. It is only one part of a larger story about why gardeners grow in difficult times. In times of turmoil, Americans have used the soil to cope with anxieties and to imagine new possibilities. My research has led me to believe that gardening is a hidden landscape of belonging and connection, for creativity and better health.

These motivations change over time, as growers adapt to changing historical circumstances. Today, the motivation to grow vegetables is not so much fear of hunger as it is hunger for physical contact with nature, hope for its resilience, and a desire to do real work.

Why Americans Garden Roots

Before industrialization, Americans were farmers. It would have been strange to cultivate food for leisure. As they moved to cities and suburbs to work in factories and offices, the novelty of coming home and putting your hands into one’s potatoes beds became more appealing. The nostalgia associate with traditional farm life was another reason gardeners drawn to gardening.

Jim Crow-era gardening was a way for black Americans to express their desires and provide a means of subsistence work. Alice Walker’s essay, In Search of Mothers’ Gardens, recounts how her mother cared for her flower garden after a long day of hard labour. She wondered as a child why anyone would choose to add another task to such a hard life. Walker realized that gardening was more than just another type of labour. It was an artistic expression.

For black women, especially those who are relegate in society’s most undesirable jobs, gardening offers the opportunity to remake a small part of the world, Walker said, personally image of Beauty.

New Generation Of Home-Growers Roots

However, gardening is not all about food. In the 1950s, convenience cuisine was popularized by a new generation of home-growers as well as back-to-the land movements. They rebelled against a midcentury diet that is now known for Jell-O mold salads and canned-food casseroles.

Gardeners of the millennial era have responded to longings in millennial generations for inclusion and community, particularly among marginalized communities. To revitalize their neighbourhoods, immigrants and residents in inner-city areas have turned to guerrilla gardening to grow fresh produce and green space. Ron Finley, a South Central L.A. resident and self-described gangsta gardener, was threatened with arrest in 2011 for planting vegetable plots on sidewalks.

These appropriations of public spaces for community use can often be seen as threats to existing power systems. Many people are unable to grasp the notion that someone could spend their time tending a garden and not reap the benefits. Finley answered reporters’ questions about whether he was concerned that someone would steal the food.

The Age Of Screens Gardening Roots

My sister Amanda Fritzsche has transformed her Cayucos backyard into a beautiful sanctuary since the lockdown began. She’s also been doing Zoom workouts, watching Netflix and joining online happy hours. She seems to lose energy as she gets older and more distant virtual acquaintances.

Her life has been taken over by gardening. Her garden has expanded from the back, with plants that were originally planted at the side of her house. She also enjoys gardening late into the night, sometimes working by headlamp.

Amanda’s new obsession with screen time kept her coming back to me when I asked her about it. Although virtual sessions can give you a temporary boost, she said that there is always something missing. She also mentioned the empty feeling that she gets when she logs off.

Most people can sense what is missing. It’s the presence of others and the chance to use our bodies in meaningful ways. The same desire for community that fills yoga studios with other people and coffee shops with gig workers. It’s the energy of the crowd at concerts, or the whispering of students in class roots.

Novel Coronavirus Highlights

The novel coronavirus highlights an age of distance. However, gardening is a way to extend the promise of real contact. My sister also talked about how gardening appealed the whole body. She cited sensory pleasures such as hearing bird song and insects, tasting herbs and flowers, the warmth of the sun and satisfying ache and the virtual world’s ability to absorb attention.

This season gardening is more than just physical activity. Robin Wallace, a Camarillo-based photo producer, said that the lockdown had made her suddenly insignificant as a non-essential worker. She continued to highlight a key advantage of her garden. The Gardener is never without purpose, a plan, or a mission.

Automation and better algorithms are making more work obsolete. This makes the longing for purpose all the more urgent. The gardens are a reminder of the limits of what can done with out physical presence. Gardening can’t done through a computer screen, just like handshakes or hugs.

YouTube might be a good place to learn, but real gardening expertise is gain by actually handling plants and getting their likes, dislikes, and smell. He explained that Book roots learning gave him information, but only direct contact with a living organism can provide any real understanding.

Filling The Void

Page’s observation points out a final reason for the surge in gardening following the coronavirus pandemic. The era of deep loneliness is here, and digital devices are only one reason. This emptiness is also cause by the dramatic retreat of nature, which began long before screens addiction. People who grew up during the COVID-19 epidemic have seen the oceans disappear and glaciers disappear. They also saw the Amazon erupt and grieved the loss of so much of the planet’s wildlife.

This may explain why stories about nature’s comeback, alongside gardening headlines, keep popping up. Images of birds and animals filling empty spaces are a joy. Some accounts are plausible, while others are doubtful. It doesn’t matter if they give a glimpse at the world as it is. In times of extreme suffering and climate collapse, we long for signs of life’s resilience.

Wallace gave me a hint in my final conversation about how this desire fuels today’s gardening craze. She was amaze at the way that the garden keeps on growing despite our absence.

09/27/21
Kids Who Grow Kale Eat Kale Garden

Kids Who Grow Kale Eat Kale Garden

It’s back to school time in the United States. For many children across the country, it’s also time for them to return to the school garden. Philosophers and educators have held that gardening-based learning increases children’s intelligence, and improves their health. Recent concerns about childhood obesity and the disconnect between young people and nature have rekindled interest in this topic.

Tens of thousands American schools have some sort of school garden. Some are on school grounds, while others are manage by community partners. Many are link to the school’s curriculum. To illustrate, seeds can be use in science classes to explain plant biology; fruits in social studies to teach geography around the world; and harvests in math to study weights and measurements. You can even have food from the garden in school lunches.

I have spent the past decade as an activist and researcher promoting a healthy, equitable, and sustainable food system. These challenges have presented me with bold claims about the potential of garden-based learning. It’s easy to get caught up in the excitement surrounding garden-base learning. But is it worth looking at their overall impact? Do school gardens really improve education and health for young people?

Promoting School Garden

Schools gardens are a popular strategy for prominent advocates of the Good Food Movement. First Lady Michelle Obama and celebrity chef Jamie Oliver have been vocal supporters. These gardens are a way for food insecure people to get fresh produce. Non profit and grassroots groups have formed partnerships with local schools. There are also service-base groups like Food Corps that spend one year in low-income communities to help create gardens and other school food programs.

American Heart Association and other philanthropic organizations have sponsored hundreds of new school gardens. Together, more than 25% of American public elementary schools offer some sort of garden-based learning. Schools have school gardens in all regions of the country. They serve students from all socioeconomic backgrounds, ages, and ethnicities.

How Can Garden Transform The Lives Of Children?

Advocates claim that gardening can help kids make better eating choices. Ron Finley, a self-described Gangsta Gardener, stated it in his popular TED Talk. Kale is good for kids https://107.152.46.170/panduan/pkv-games.

Many advocates go further and suggest that gardening-based learning can encourage healthy changes in the whole family, helping reverse the obesity epidemic. Alice Waters, founder of Edible Schoolyard, believes that children’s experiences in the garden can make sustainability the lens through the which they view the world.

Sure, Garden Can Help

Anecdotal evidence suggests that gardening-based learning can yield social, educational, and nutritional benefits. Numerous studies have demonstrated that gardening-based learning can improve students science knowledge as well as their healthy food habits. Research has also shown that garden-based learning can improve students’ ability to identify different kinds of vegetables and lead to more positive opinions about eating vegetables.

The qualitative case studies of garden-based learning are encouraging and provide stories of life-changing experiences for both children and teachers. Quantitative results show only modest gains when it comes to increasing fresh food intake, improving health outcomes, or changing environmental attitudes. The most successful school gardens have shown that students can eat about one serving of vegetables per day. However, the research has not shown whether these gains can be sustain over time.

Some critics argue that school gardens are not worth the effort, particularly for students with lower incomes who could be focusing on traditional college prep courses. Caitlin Flanagan, a social critic, has even suggested that garden programs could be a distraction that could lead to a permanent and uneducated underclass.

There Are No Magic Carrots

It is not difficult to see that garden-base learning can sometimes overrate. Popular narratives suggest that children will be saved from poverty and chronic diseases by spending time in gardens, especially when they are describing projects in low-income communities and communities of colour.

This is what I refer to as the magic carrot approach for garden-based learning. However, magic carrots are not what grow in school gardens. Gardens will not solve the problems of health inequalities, education gaps, unemployment, or environmental injustices on their own.

What Makes A Garden Succeed?

Gardens must be supported by the whole community to promote learning and healthy living. School gardeners have shown that they can improve school and neighbourhood life through surveys. However, this is only possible if certain conditions are met.

School gardens are more successful when they don’t have one teacher to keep them afloat. Multiple stakeholders can help ensure that the garden does not dry out after a few seasons.

A school garden can be transformed by the involvement of families, administrators, and other neighborhood partners into a vibrant and sustainable community hub.

Experiential practitioners also know that garden-based learning can be more effective if its curriculum is reflective of the cultural backgrounds and experiences of the students it serves. Growing food can be a journey of self-discovery for children of Mexican heritage. It can also become a time of cultural celebration when African-American youth grow collard greens.

This means that kale can be grown by children, but they will only eat it if it is affordable in their area, if their family has the money to purchase kale, and if they believe eating kale is appropriate to their culture and lifestyle.

Creating Valuable Green Space

My research has shown that there are schools and organizations across the country who incorporate garden-based learning into larger movements for food, environmental, and social justice.

These groups understand that school gardens will not solve all the nation’s problems. School gardens, as part of a longer-term movement to improve community and health, can be a platform for experiential learning, valuable green space, and foster a sense empowerment in the minds, bodies, and minds of young Americans.